Top Tips – Fescue, Bent and Ryegrass analysis

James Matthewman analysed three varieties of seeds and said: “Do not be afraid to try different seeds, look at the climate and use the data.”

James (Deputy Head Greenkeeper at Maesteg Golf Club) said this on his seed selection: “Due to changing climates and our budgets, we have decided to experiment in terms of the seeds that we use, which led me to analysing the different varieties.”

“If you are having hotter summers, you might introduce more fescue. Whereas, if you are experiencing wet winters, look towards sowing bent towards the end of the season ready for winter. Finally, if you are struggling with worn areas, do not be frightened to try ryegrass as it is very fast germinating. The most important thing is to look at your climate and choose what is best for you. Every surface is different.”


Direct drill seeding

This is when the seed is drilled below the ground. Machines that carry out this work usually cut a groove in the sward, dropping the seed in behind the cutting disk. The groove is then closed over. Seed sown in this manner generally produces a stronger plant. Pitches are drilled in two or three directions. The depth of the drills is approximately 5mm.


Machines are usually fitted with a roller with small spikes attached which precedes the seed box. Once the holes are made, the seed drops out the back of the box into the holes. This method is preferred if seed has to be applied during the season.


This is the traditional method. It is not accurate because of the difficulty in spreading the same width over a long time.

Article by James Kimmings

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